Phase 1 happened during the American Revolution, when Loyalist/Tory militias in the Carolinas and Georgia sided with Britain. It was Scots-Irish settlers in the hills who tipped the balance toward independence. In Colin Woodard's terms, the Deep South was pro-British and they were opposed by some of Greater Appalachia.
Phase 2 was in the early 19th cy., when slaveowners got more and more power in the national government. They did have some setbacks, however, like Andrew Jackson opposing South Carolina's tariff nullification and John Calhoun's secessionism.
By 1860, 5 of the 9 Supreme Court Justices were slaveowners.
Phase 3 started in 1852 with the Fugitive Slave Act. Southern militias went northward, capturing anyone that they considered an escaped slave. Northerners revived their militias to confront them, and the Southerners sometimes called in Federal troops to help them.
DB: the Confederacy Society (CS), as he calls it, lost phase 1, had a draw in phase 2, and won phase 3.
Phase 4 started in 1860 with the election of Abraham Lincoln. The CS refused to deal with him and unilaterally seceded. This led to the Civil War, and then to Reconstruction.
Phase 5 started in the 1870's and it was essentially a CS counterrevolution. It undid Reconstruction with "Redemption", and it forced black people into second-class citizenship with Jim Crow laws.
Phase 6, the 1880's. The Great Plains edged toward an alliance with the ex-Confederacy.The real losers, though? Not just minorities, but in every pragmatic sense the entire South, which thereupon slumped into a backwater of economic retardation and romantic, old-timey hatred of progress.
The Progressive movement emerged a few decades later, and a few decades after that was the New Deal. Both movements curbed some of American capitalism's excesses, thus saving it from itself.Northern oligarchs won phase six unfortunately, in this case! (The one time the confederacy wing of our ongoing civil war had some real, moral justification on their side.)
Phase 7 was from the 1940's to the 1970's.
Phase 8,the civil rights movement, started with Harry Trumans bold desegregation of the military, then Dwight Eisenhowers firm support of school desegregation. The essential and too-long delayed resumption of Reconstruction which also included Lyndon Johnsons effort to re-industrialize and re-invigorate the South. This phase was clearly won by Blue America (though the South benefited prodigiously, economically), but at a cost which was .
With the Republican Party becoming the party of Jefferson Davis.the Nixonian, southern-strategy flip" leads ultimately to today's full scale New Confederacy effort to finally destroy the United States of America.
Not just that, just plain assholishness that turns a lot of people off. Also gerrymandering and vote suppression.Not by force of arms, but by ending the effectiveness of politics as a pragmatic, open-minded process by which undogmatic citizens negotiate a mix of experiments and find out what works -- the methodology behind all of our successes. Replacing all of that with dogma more intense than communism ever was.